Hmf là gì

     
Import / Customs Export and Compliance Domestic Shipping Trade Document Templates
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What is a Harbor Maintenance Fee (HMF)?

A harbor maintenance fee or HMF is a “user fee” collected by the U.S. Customs và Border Protection (CBP) for shipments imported via the ocean. “User fees” refer khổng lồ non-duty or tax charges that are based on the mode of transportation (sea, air, rail, road) or the type of entry (formal vs. Informal).

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Created by the Water Resource Act of 1986, the HMF was created to tóm tắt the cost for the construction of harbors, inland waterway transport, và flood-control projects. The fee is collected on imports, domestic shipments, Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) admissions, & passengers on cruise ships.

The one exception to this fee is if a shipment is transported via ocean khổng lồ a Canadian port và then routed into the US.

How is HMF calculated?

The fee is based on the value of the shipment declared on the commercial invoice. HMF will equal 0.125% of the value of cargo và there is no minimum or maximum amount of charge.

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What is a Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF)?

Merchandise Processing Fee or MPF is a “user fee” collected by the U.S. Customs và Border Protection (CBP) services for most imports into the US through all modes of transportation. “User fees” refer khổng lồ non-duty or tax charges that are based on the mode of transportation (sea, air, rail, road) or the type of entry (formal vs. Informal). This fee is imposed khổng lồ offset salary-related expenses.

How is MPF calculated?

The fee is based on the value of the merchandise being imported, not including duty, freight, & insurance charges. MPF is calculated at 0.3464%. The minimum amount is $26.22, with a maximum amount of $508.70. If the entry value is less than $2,500, MPF is a $2.18 flat rate.

For informal entries (imported via mail), MPF is a set fee, which ranges between $2 to $9 per shipment.

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Can MPF fees be avoided?

You can be considered MPF- exempt if your import meets ‘preferential status’ under almost all U.S. Trade programs & deals.

Exempt from MPF:

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA)Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA)Dominican Republic-Central America không tính phí Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)North American không lấy phí Trade Agreement (NAFTA)- now USMCAAustralia không tính tiền Trade Agreement (AUFTA)Bahrain không tính tiền Trade Agreement (BHFTA)Chile không tính phí Trade Agreement (CLFTA)Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (COTPA)Israel không tính tiền Trade Area Agreement (ILFTA)Korea miễn phí Trade Agreement (KORUS)Oman miễn phí Trade Agreement (OMFTA)Panama Trade Promotion Agreement (PATPA)Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PETPA)Singapore không tính tiền Trade Agreement (SGFTA)

Not Exempt from MPF

Jordan không tính tiền Trade Area Agreement (JOFTA)Morocco miễn phí Trade Agreement (MAFTA)


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